Preparation Of A Successful Business Methods Follow Classical Organization Structuring and departmentation


Classical Organization Structuring and departmentation:-The classical hierarchical organization is the most influential structural rationale of the modern corporation. Ti provides the foundation upon which adaptations and modifications are constructed.The key words are structure and formal. The basic tenets are specialization of work (departmentation), span of management (supervision of a limited number of subordinates), chain of command (authority delegation), and unity of command (no subordinate has more than one superior). The structures take on the shape of a pyramid. The manager determines work activities to get the job done, writes job descriptions, organizes people into groups, and assigns them to superiors. He or she then establishes objectives and deadlines and determines standards of performance. Operations are controlled through a reporting system. Because the classical format is so prevalent, we will examine the basic tents of this form of organization.Departmentation deals with the formation of organizational units. Among the first components of an organization structure is the manner in which work is divided into homogeneous groups of activities. The activities form departments. Methods of departmentation that experience has proved logical and useful are by function, by product, by territory, by customer, by process, and by project. For example, determination by function is shown at the top level by the common functions of marketing, personnel, operations, R & D and finance. The breakdown of operation into the future division, the metal products division, and the floor-covering division is an example of product organization. The sales department is organized into eastern and western districts to establish a territory departmentation, and these territories are further departmented by the customer breakdown of retail, government, institutions, and manufacturers’ representatives. The manufacturing operation in the metal products division depicts both process (assembly, welding, stamping) and function (maintenance, power, shipping). Finally, a special project team, organized for new product development, reports to the president. 
Functional departmentation is by far the oldest and most widely used form of grouping activities. In almost every organization there are three fundamental activities of producing, selling and financing to be performed. These are the basic functions. As organizations grow, additional staff or service functions are added. Almost all organizations show some functional division of labor.
Product derpartmentation is common for enterprises with several products or services. The method is easily understood an takes advantage of specialized knowledge. Common examples are department stores (e.g., appliance, furniture, cosmetics) and banks (commercial, personal).


Top Nine hinges on understanding what constitutes a plan or project in business world

All of this discussion hinges on understanding what constitutes a plan or project in business world. The following items should certainly be included :- 
1. Summary statement of the problem being solved by this project is required.
2. A breakdown of the work to be done (as detailed as practical) is required. Also estimates of how long each piece will take are needed. Documentation, and maintenance efforts should be included.
3. A list of dependencies on outside groups with target dates for “delivery” of services or equipment is required.
4. A list of outside groups that depend on this project with target dates for delivery is required.
5. A list of interdependencies of various pieces within this project with dates of need/delivery is required.
6. The skills needed to complete the project should be listed. Eventually, the people who work on this project must match this list exactly.
7. Other resources needed to complete the project must be identified (e.g., space, computer hardware, and telephones). Dates these items are needed must be specified.
8. A budget covering salaries of the employees or workers of the project.
9. Alternative way of recovery of the project if normal process failed must define.
The final responsibility conclusion on Control & management:-
Control and maintence of the system are the responsibilities of the line mangers. Control of the system means the operation of the system as it was designed to operate. Sometimes operators will develop their own private procedures or will short-circuit procedures degined to provide checks. Often well-intentioned people make unauthorized chages to impeove the system, changes that are not approved or documented. Managers themselves may not be factoring into decisions information supplied by the system, such as sales forecast or inventory information, and may be relying on intuition. It is up to management at each level in the organization to provide periodic spotchecks of the system for control purpose.


Management Information System (MIS) Is The Back Bone Of Any Business Establishment in Modern Globalization Market

MIS is not a new Idea .Before computer it has been working via manager(s) and CEO(s).MIS is the main theme of any business module or commercial firm .Management is the first part of MIS which can make strong a business today and near future. Second thing is that gathering Information up to date for market and product relations. Thirdly the System is used as store house of all data in relation of business or market survey via product and service(s) of the establishment(s).
The implementation of the MIS is the culmination of the design process. We have pointed out the close pre and post implementation relationships between design and implementation. We have discussed three major approaches to implementation from the design time standpoint. Finally, we have given a step-by-step procedure for implementation. As we pointed out in the chapters on design, such a procedure is only an approximation of the timing, because there many exits a parallel execution of some steps. Thus, it seems logical to document the system after it has been debugged and is in final form. In practice, however it is necessary to document the system as installation takes place, so that there will be an up-to-date reference design during the design phase. The final documentation should be a complete, formal, accurate version of the MIS as it exists in operation.
We have given the major implementation steps are:-
1. Planning the implementation activities: It is the main part of any business view of time to time.
2.Acquiring and laying out facilities and offices: Office is one of the major trusty of consumer(s) or common people.
3.Organizing:-It is the direct relation of market and business establishment via which manufacturer and consumers can communicated through product or service(s)